Why Educate a Woman?

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Since the independence, Pakistan has been battling with some major crisis in educational sector especially for women. Poverty, instability, lack of infrastructure and inefficient curriculum are the main reasons of  late progress while ancient traditions on the other hand add up to it from a different angle. In between all this, the women are the ones lacking behind as individuals while indirectly bringing the society and its future behind too.

There are 145,829 primary schools, with a number of 8.2 million girls enrolled, 45,680 middle schools with a number of 2.8 million girls enrolled and 31,740 high schools with a number of 1.47 million girls enrolled. [1] “Statistically, of the 24 million Pakistani children out of school13 million (or 53%) are girls. As a result, Pakistan has the second-largest number of out-of-school female students in the world.” [2]

The fewer number of schools in the country certainly questions the people in power about their efforts to deal with illiteracy. Not only that, it’s also seen that many schools have unsuited educational standards and under-qualified teachers that root to low attendance rates.

On the other hand, poverty-struck families avoid sending their girls to school to save money for the household. While some families believe in educating their sons rather their daughters on a mere thought that it would be of no use in the future because they are destined to be given away in marriage.  There is another ancient traditional element found in rural and tribal areas of Pakistan, where girls are forbidden to go to school on a belief that it corrupts their moral and ethic values.

So, why it’s important to educate women? If we examine the global increase in women’s education in the last four decades, it has evidently saved 4 million child deaths.  There is a 50 percent chance for a kid to live past the age of 5 if his mother knows how to read. Probability for infant mortality is reduced from 10 to 5 percent if a woman is well-informed. There is likely an increase in income from 10 to 20 percent with every year of education.  Raising the number of women with secondary education by 1 percent can add to annual per capita monetary expansion by 0.3 percent. [2] What more a family or a developing society can asks for.

Providing education is considered as the basic obligation of any state and its development and prosperity is dependent on its educated class. Holding back half of the population from the fundamental right, for any reason whatsoever will have a devastating effect in the future.


[1] Pakistan Education Statistics 2015-16, Ministry of Federal Education and Professional Training Government of Pakistan Islamabad.

[2] Alif Ailaan, http://www.alifailaan.pk/factsheets

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